Louisiana sits above the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Mississippi River, bordered by Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east and Texas to the west. Founded by the French, ruled for 40 years by the Spanish and bought by the United States in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, New Orleans is known for its distinct Creole culture and vibrant history. 

Significant battles of the War of 1812 and the Civil War were fought over the city. Louisiana’s capital city is Baton Rouge. It is also home to the historic port city of New Orleans, which is famous for its unique cuisine, jazz and spectacular Mardi Gras festival. In its last hundred years, the key struggles of New Orleans have been social (poverty, racial strife) and natural (hurricanes, floods and slowly sinking land).

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