Pergamano Parchment Craft is a well-liked, new craft rooted in an artwork kind that stems again nearly two thousand years. Today’s parchment craft tasks are delicately lovely, lacy designs created by a mixture of strategies together with embossing, stippling, perforating, chopping and coloring.
According to historians, Turks from Bergama, Turkey invented parchment in roughly 500 AD. (Bergama is Pergamum in Latin). The Turks developed parchment as an alternative to papyrus. Because of wars underway, they had been unable to import the substances wanted to make papyrus – a sort of paper comprised of stems of a plant named sedge. Instead, they created early variations of parchment from the pores and skin of a goat or sheep.
Although to start with, individuals used parchment primarily as a floor on which to write down, parchment craft appeared in Europe within the 15th or 16th centuries. At that point, parchment craft entailed creating lace-like designs on sheets of paper. In these early days of parchment craft, most of the designs had been non secular in nature and had important Catholic overtones. Over time, these conventional strategies developed into newer approaches and new strategies.
Parchment craft didn’t unfold quickly through the 15th century, as many varieties of card making had been mechanized following the invention of the printing press in 1445. However, parchment craft skilled a revival through the 18th century. At that point, the handwork turned extra intricate and ornamental, with wavy borders and perforations being launched.
With the appearance of French romanticism within the 19th century, parchment crafters started incorporating floral themes, cherubs and portraits. They additionally added embossing as a way, leading to engaging raised results with white or grey undertones.
During the 16th century, parchment craft appeared primarily in Europe. However, within the early 1500s, European missionaries from monasteries and convents launched the craft to South American nations, the place it flourished amongst craft individuals in non secular communities. For instance, younger South American women receiving their First Communion typically acquired parchment craft gadgets as presents.
Later, in Columbia, cottage industries sprung up as individuals started promoting handcrafted parchment greeting playing cards and invites. One such extremely proficient Columbian girl, Martha Ospina moved to the Netherlands in 1986. In 1987, Martha and her accomplice Tiemen Venema started displaying their intricate playing cards at occasions akin to flower arranging workshops. Interest grew.
In 1988, Martha created the well-known Pergamano model, in an effort to make the instruments and provides out there worldwide. Today, Pergamao International owns the model and continues to supply and distribute these merchandise, which now embrace parchment paper, instruments, paints and different coloring brokers, inks, paint brushes, pens, books, magazines and DVDs. The Pergamano Design Group (consisting of Martha and three different crafters) proceed to create new designs.
Martha additionally based the International Parchment Craft Academy, an establishment that educates individuals to change into registered Pergamano academics.
Made from cellulose or cotton fibres, right this moment’s parchment paper is translucent with a easy floor and lightweight grey colour. Parchment can also be out there in numerous colours and textures.
Although initially parchment craft was used primarily within the creation of greeting playing cards, it has many different functions. Today’s crafters make lovely bookmarks, scrapbook elaborations, present bins, present tags, flowers, lampshades, followers and numerous different decorations.
Pergamano Parchment Craft is in style primarily in South America and Europe. However, it’s changing into more and more in style in North America as effectively. As paper crafters uncover this elegant, lovely craft, many are keen so as to add it to their repertoire.